A Trip Down Memory Lane. The "Remember When?" Page
|1900-1910||The 1910's||The 1920's||The 1930's||The 1940's|
|The 1950's||The 1960's||The 1970's||The 1980's||The 1990's|
Were you born between 1900-1910?
1903 The Wright brothers make history on a windy North Carolina beach. On December 17, 1903, Orville Wright piloted the first powered airplane 20 feet above a wind-swept beach in North Carolina. The flight lasted 12 seconds and covered 120 feet. Three more flights were made that day with Orville's brother Wilbur piloting the record flight lasting 59 seconds over a distance of 852 feet.
1903 Crayons were invented by Edwin Binney and Harold Smith, who owned a paint company in New York City, NY, USA. Binney and Smith invented the modern-day crayon by combining paraffin wax with pigments (colorants). These inexpensive art supplies were an instant success since they were first marketed as Crayola crayons in 1903.
1904 The "horseless carriage" made its debut at Chicago's Columbian Exposition in 1893. Crude, no more than a two-seated buckboard powered by an electric motor, none-the-less the exhibit excited its audience. Within fifteen years the automobile industry was firmly established, producing roomy, comfortable cars capable of traveling sixty miles per hour. First seen as a toy for the rich, the car began to be taken more seriously as its advantages over the horse became obvious. In 1904, W.K. Vanderbilt, Jr, established the "Vanderbilt Cup" to promote the sport of automobile racing.
1905 The popsicle was invented by 11-year-old Frank Epperson. His frozen treat was originally called the Epsicle
1906 The San Francisco earthquake lasted only a minute but the fires it spawned ravaged the city for three days. The terrifying rumble of an earthquake shattered the early morning silence of April 18 at 5:15 AM. The quake caused the worst natural disaster in the nation's history. Modern analysis estimates it registered 8.25 on the Richter scale (By comparison, the quake that hit San Francisco on October 17, 1989 registered 6.7).
1907 Bakelite was patented in 1907 by the Belgian-born American chemist Leo Hendrik Baekeland
1908 Tea bags were invented by Thomas Sullivan around 1908. The first bags were made from silk.
1908-12 The Geiger counter. The German nuclear physicist Hans Wilhelm developed a device to detect ionizing radioactivity between.
Were you born in the 1910's?
1912 On November 12, 1912 an Antarctic search party discovered the tent of Captain Robert Scott and his two companions half buried in the snow. The expedition to the South Pole had failed.
1912 Before Amelia Earhart, it was beautiful, flamboyant, daring Harriet Quimby who captured the public's imagination as America's premier aviatrix. Born in 1875, Harriet Quimby makes history as the first woman to fly the English Channel.
1912 On April 10, 1912, the Titanic, largest ship afloat, left Southampton, England on her maiden voyage to New York City. The White Star Line had spared no expense in assuring her luxury.
1912 The candy called "Life Savers" was invented by Clarence Crane, a chocolate maker from Cleveland, Ohio.
1913 Henry Ford used the first conveyor belt-based assembly-line in his car factory in 1913-14 . The crossword puzzle was invented by Arthur Wynne in 1913.
1914 In July, 1914 the first transcontinental telephone line was created. For five years AT&T had wanted to link the phone lines from one side of the country to the other. They finally found the device that could help them do it: Lee De Forest's "audions," the first vacuum tubes. They placed them along the 3,400 miles of wires connecting one coast to the other. As a voice signal traveled along the wires it naturally weakened. Every time it hit an audion, the signal was boosted. The first trial took place in July of 1914, when the president of the company, Theodore Vail, spoke from one coast to the other -- his voice boosted in Pittsburgh, Omaha, and Salt Lake City along the way.
1914 The First World War, originally called the Great War, raged from 1914 to 1918. WWI saw the introduction of the machine gun into battle and was fought in the west in muddy, bloody trenches.
1914 Panama CanalAfter 36 years' labor, the bankruptcy of thousands of investors, and the deaths of more than 25,000 men, the Panama Canal is finished. The canal cuts the sailing distance from the East Coast to the West Coast by more than 8,000 miles.
1915 The mechanical pencil was invented by Tokuji Hayakawa
1916 Lincoln Logs, a popular children's toy building set that consists of interlocking notched logs, were invented by an architect, John Lloyd Wright.
1917 War-U.S. troops arrive on the battlefields of Europe, where new technologies have created the bloodiest conflict in history. Armored tanks, machine guns, poisonous gas, submarines and airplanes will force military commanders to rethink traditional strategies of war.
Were you born in the 1920's?
1920 The easy-to-use dressing with an adhesive was invented by Earle Dickson (a cotton buyer at the Johnson & Johnson company). Dickson perfected the BAND-AID® in 1920.
1920 The Q-tip was invented by Leo Gerstenzang (a Polish-born American). His wife had used a toothpick with cotton stuck on the end to clean their baby's ears, and Leo invented Q-tips to replace her jury-rigged invention.
1921 Albert Einstein wins Nobel prize
1921 Wirephoto -The first electronically-transmitted photograph is sent by Western Union. The idea for a facsimile transmission was first proposed by Scottish clockmaker Alexander Bain in 1843.
1922 Entering King Tut's tomb, Howard Carter describes the wonder of discovering the greatest ancient Egyptian treasures ever found. Tutankhamun was 9 years old when he became Pharaoh. He died when he was around 18.
1923 Calvin Coolidge becomes President in a remote Vermont cabin.
1923 Richard G. Drew invented masking tape made for painters in 1923, a wide paper tape with adhesive on only the edges of the tape. Drew made an improved tape called Scotch (TM) Brand Cellulose Tape in 1930.
1924 John Logie Baird (1888-1946) was a Scottish inventor and engineer who was a pioneer in the development of mechanical television. In 1924, Baird televised objects in outline. In 1925, he televised human faces. In 1926, Baird was the first person to televise pictures of objects in motion. In 1930, Baird made the first public broadcast of a TV show, from his studio to the London Coliseum Cinema; the screen consisted of a 6-ft by 3-ft array of 2,100 tiny flashlamp bulbs. Baird developed a color television in 1928, and a stereo television in 1946. Baird's mechanical television was usurped by electronic television, which he also worked on.
1924 Frosted light bulb, frozen food marketed
1927 Charles Lindberg flies the Atlantic. At 7:52 A.M., May 20, 1927 Charles Lindbergh gunned the engine of the "Spirit of St Louis" and aimed her down the dirt runway of Roosevelt Field, Long Island. Thirty-three and one half-hours and 3.500 miles later he landed in Paris, the first to fly the Atlantic alone.
1927 The automatic commercial bread slicer was invented by Otto Frederick Rohwedder from Iowa. The powdered drink Kool-Aid was invented by the chemist Edwin Perkins of Nebraska Omaha.
1928 Flemming discovers Penicillin, Duncan sells yo-yos
1929 Silent films are completely replaced by "talkies."
1929 Stock market crashes. Black Friday, October 24, 1929 signalled the end of one era and the beginning of another. The Great Depression had begun with the precipitous decline of the Dow-Jones averages for 65 stocks listed on the New York Stock Exchange which listed the stock of about 1,200 companies then. Excessive credit, not enough margin requirements, and the effects of high tariff protectionism had made their contribution to this financial débacle. In 1923, a Republican Secretary of the Treasury, Andrew Mellon, had recommended a huge tax cut. Against stiff opposition the tax cut was enacted.
Were you born in the 1930's?
1930 Quantum mechanics meets semiconductors. Sliced bread introduced
1930 Ruth Wakefield invented chocolate chips (and chocolate chip cookies). William Beebe and Otis Barton invented the bathysphere around 1930.
1931 Alfred Butts had been an architect, but lost his job in 1931. A copyright was granted on December 1, 1948.
1931 Empire State Bldg. opened, Edison dies
1931 Radio Astronomy -While trying to track down a source of electrical interference on telephone transmissions, Karl Guthe Jansky of Bell Telephone Laboratories discovers radio waves emanating from stars in outer space.
1932 Defibrillator -Working at the research facilities at Johns Hopkins University, Dr. William Bennett Kouwenhoven develops a device for jump-starting the heart with a burst of electricity.
1932 Quantum theory of solids developed
1933 FDR proposes "new deal", first drive-in movie theater
1933 The cat's eye road reflector is a simple device set on the roadway at regular intervals, to help motorists see where the road is at night. Each of the cat's eyes reflects oncoming light, acting like lights set into the road. Percy Shaw, from Yorkshire, England invented this device.
1934 Launderette introduced
1934 On the night of July 22, 1934, a team of FBI agents nervously waited in the sticky heat outside the Biograph Theater in Chicago for John Dillinger, Public Enemy #1. The hail of bullets wounded two bystanders and killed Dillinger. His death ended a crime spree that had lasted only 11 months. In that short time his activities captivated the imagination of the country creating a legend that persists today
1934 From 1934 to 1940 severe drought ravaged an area twice the size of Pennsylvania covering parts of Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico and Colorado. When the drought destroyed the crops, there was nothing to hold the soil of the wind swept and treeless plains. The area became known as "The Dust Bowl." By 1935, winds reaching 60 miles per hour whipped the dirt into gigantic clouds as high as 1,000 feet blocking the sun. Dust reached the president's desk in Washington and even reported by ships 500 miles out to sea.
1935 President Roosevelt signs Social Security Act
1935 Elvis Presley born January 8th (same birthdate as Derald Freeman). He died August 17, 1977 at the age of 42.
1935 The first practical radar system was invented by the Scotish physicist Sir Robert Alexander Watson-Watt.
1935 The first non-leaking ballpoint pen was invented in 1935 by the Hungarian brothers Lazlo and Georg Biro.
1935 The parking meter was invented by Carl C. Magee of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA. The first parking meter was installed in Oklahoma City.
1937 Auto & Steel unions win first big contracts, Disney's Snow White released
1937 Chair Lift -Skiers no longer have to climb hills to enjoy their sport. Engineers from the Union Pacific Railroad build a chair lift for the Dollar Mountain resort in Sun Valley, Idaho. Dollar Mountain follows with an order for six more.
1938 Orson Wells' War of the Worlds broadcast, Nylon invented
1939 Electron microscope invented, Grapes of Wrath published, Television debuts at NY World's Fair, World War II begins
Were you born in the 1940's?
1940 Air battle over London. In the spring of 1940, Hitler's armies smashed across the borders of Holland and Belgium and streamed into the northern reaches of France. The German "Blitzkrieg" moved swiftly to the west and the south, splitting the British and French defenders, trapping the British army at Dunkirk and forcing its evacuation from continental Europe. The Germans entered Paris on June 14 and forced France's surrender on June 22. England now stood alone awaiting Hitler's inevitable attempt to invade and conquer the island.
1940 Jeep-Karl K. Pabst of the Bantam Car. Co., Butler, Pennsylvania, produces a four-wheel drive vehicle that will become famous as the jeep. Given its name by its military designation, G.P., or general purpose, the jeep will be used for numerous transport applications throughout World War II, and will become a popular domestic vehicle after the war.
1941 Regular TV broadcasting begins
1941 The surprise was complete. The attacking planes came in two waves; the first hit its target at 7:53 AM, the second at 8:55. By 9:55 it was all over. By 1:00 PM the carriers that launched the planes from 274 miles off the coast of Oahu were heading back to Japan. Behind them they left chaos, 2,403 dead, 188 destroyed planes and a crippled Pacific Fleet that included 8 damaged or destroyed battleships. In one stroke the Japanese action silenced the debate that had divided Americans ever since the German defeat of France left England alone in the fight against the Nazi terror.
1941 The Holocaust began with the registering of all Jews in Germany in 1941. It continued until the end of the war in 1945. Six million Jews were murdered.
1942 First atomic chain reaction triggered
1943 "Casablanca" released, synthetic rubber developed
1943The aqualung is a breathing apparatus that supplied oxygen to divers and allowed them to stay underwater for several hours. It was invented by Jacques-Yves Cousteau.
1943 The Slinky TM was invented by the engineer Richard James.
1944 The first aerosol can (a can than contains a propellant [a liquefied gas like flurocarbon] and has a spray nozzle) was invented by Lyle David Goodloe and W.N. Sullivan.
1944 D Day invasion of France
1945 United Nations formed
1945 The First Atomic Bomb Blast. The events that took place in a remote area of New Mexico during the predawn hours of July 16, 1945 forever changed the world. Here, the incredible destructive powers of the atom were first unleashed and what had been merely theoretical became reality. The test was the culmination of three years' planning and development within the super secret Manhattan Project headed by General Leslie R. Groves. Bombing and Gunnery Range located 230 miles south of Los Alamos was selected for the test and code-named "Trinity." Even before the bomb was tested, a second bomb was secretly dispatched to the Pacific for an attack on the Japanese city of Hiroshima.
1945 August 6, 1945 - the sun rose into a clear blue sky over the city of Hiroshima, Japan promising a warm and pleasant day. Nothing in the day's dawning indicated that this day would be any different from its predecessors. But this day would be different, very different. This day would change the world. On this day a single bomb dropped by a single airplane destroyed the city, leading to the end of World War II and introducing mankind to the Atomic Age. Approximately 80,000 people lost their lives in the blast. The incendiary raid on Tokyo took a greater toll, but the devastation at Hiroshima was the result of one bomb and one plane.
1946 ENIAC became the pioneering electronic digital computer, using 18,000 vacuum tubes.
1946 The microwave oven was invented as an accidental by-product of war-time (World War 2) radar research using magnetrons (vacuum tubes that produce microwave radiation). In 1946, the engineer Dr. Percy LeBaron Spencer, who worked for the Raytheon Corporation, was working on magnetrons. One day at work, he had a candy bar in his pocket, and found that it had melted. After experimenting he realized that microwaves would cook foods quickly.
1947 Polaroid Camera -Dr. Edwin H. Land introduces a new camera that can produce a developed photographic image in sixty seconds. Land will follow in the 1960s with a color model and eventually receive more than 500 patents for his innovations in light and plastics technologies.
1951 UNIVAC 1-The Eckert and Mauchly Computer Co. of Philadelphia sells the first commercial computer, the UNIVAC 1, to the U.S. Census Bureau. The memory called up data by transmitting sonic pulses through tubes of mercury. An additional 45 UNIVAC 1 machines would eventually be sold.
1947 Jonas Salk was a research physician who formulated a vaccine against the devastating disease polio.
1947 December 16, invention of point-contact transistor
1948 Frisbee invented, Velcro invented, Berlin airlift occurred
1948 The first Universal Product Codes (also called UPC's or bar codes)
1948 George de Mestral, a Swiss engineer, invented Velcro.
1949 Frank J. Zamboni was an inventor and mechanic who invented the Zamboni Ice Resurfacing Machine
1949 Cake mix invented, first germanium transistors sold
Were you born in the 1950's?
1950's The age of "The Hop", rock and roll and cutting loose on the dance floor. If you were born in the 30's you will remember this era.
1950 The disposable diaper was invented by Marion Donovan. Her first leak-proof diaper was a plastic-lined cloth diaper.
1950 First charge card (Diner's Club), Korean War begins, President Truman sends first military advisory group to Vietnam
1950 First Soviet atomic bomb tested.
1951 Bessie Nesmith invented Liquid Paper, a quick-drying, paper-colored (white) liquid that is painted onto paper to correct printed material.
1951 DNA discovered
1952 Albert Schweitzer wins Nobel Peace Prize, Mr. Potato Head is born
1953 Two Air Force Pilots Vanish Chasing UFO 50 Years Ago On the night of Nov. 23, 1953, pilots Moncla and Wilson, based in Michigan's Upper Peninsula, were instructed to fly their Northrup F-89C jet aircraft to identify a large unidentified craft flying over restricted airspace at the Soo Locks along the American-Canadian border. The duo, flying at approximately 500 mph, descended rapidly from 30,000 feet to 7,000 feet in order to seek out the unusual object. The blips on the radar merged, but the F-89C aircraft never appeared again.
1953 Heart-lung Machine-Dr. John H. Gibbon performs the first successful open heart surgery in which the blood is artificially circulated and oxygenated by a heart-lung machine. This new technology, which allows the surgeon to operate on a dry and motionless heart, greatly increases surgical treatment options for heart defects and disease.
1953 First product using transistor is sold, hearing aids sold, polio vaccine developed, Mt. Everest climbed, Radial tires invented, Korean War ends
1954 TV dinner first marketed
1955 Tim Berners-Lee (1955, London, England ) invented the World Wide Web. He wrote the language HTML, the basic language for the Web, and devised URL's to designate the location of each web page. HTTP was his set of rules for linking to pages on the Web. After he wrote the first browser in 1990 the WWW was up and running.
1955 McDonalds opens, Albert Einstein dies
1955 Nuclear Submarine-The Nautilus, the first nuclear submarine, revolutionizes naval warfare. Conventional submarines need two engines: a diesel engine to travel on the surface and an electric engine to travel submerged, where oxygen for a diesel engine is not available. The Nautilus, the first nuclear sub, can travel many thousands of miles below the surface with a single fuel charge.
1955 First nuclear power plant built
1956 Play-Doh, a popular children's modeling clay, was invented by Noah W. McVicker and Joseph S. McVicker
1956 Sputnik I and Sputnik II launched
1957 Polio Vaccine -Dr. Albert Sabin develops a polio vaccine using strains of polio too weak to cause infection but strong enough to activate the human immune system. His invention will put an end to the polio epidemics that have crippled thousands of children worldwide.
1958 Explorer I-Three months after the Soviet Union began the Space Age by launching Sputnik, the U.S. responds by sending the Explorer I satellite into orbit. Explorer I's mission is to detect radiation; it discovers one of the Van Allen radiation belts.
1958 Explorer I- first US earth satellite goes into orbit (discovers Van Allen radiation belt)
1959 Alaska and Hawaii admitted as states, Barbie doll introduced
1959 Pantyhose was invented by Allen Gant of North Carolina.
Were you born in the 1960's?
1960 Laser-Working at Hughes Research Laboratories, physicist Theodore H. Maiman creates the first laser. The core of his laser consists of a man-made ruby -- a material that had been judged unsuitable by other scientists, who rejected crystal cores in favor of various gases.
1960 First "Mini" Computer, First weather satellite launched, Hitchcock's "Psycho" released, Astroturf debuts
1960's The first automatic analog cellular phone was made in the 1960's. This cellular phone concept was devised by a team of researchers at Bell Labs in 1947
1961 Fairchild & Texas Instruments sell integrated circuits, Yuri Gagarin first manned space flight
1961 The Berlin Wall was constructed in 1961 to prevent East Germans from fleeing west. Just under three decades later, this icon of the Iron Curtain was dismantled and East and West Germany were reunified.
1962 John Glenn is first American to orbit the earth, LavaLite, Cuban missile crisis
1963 President Kennedy assassinated
1964 Operating System-IBM rolls out the OS/360, the first mass-produced computer operating system. Using the OS/360, all computers in the IBM 360 family could run any software program. Already IBM is a giant in the computer industry, controlling 70% of the market worldwide.
1964 Beatles appear on Ed Sullivan Show, Congress passes Civil Rights Act
1965 Winston Churchill dies
1965 Minicomputer-Digital Equipment introduces the PDP-8, the world's first computer to use integrated circuit technology. Because of its relatively small size and its low $18,000 price tag, Digital sells several hundred units.
1966 Surveyor probe lands on the Moon, US planes bomb Hanoi
1967 First hand-held calculator, Surveyor 3 scoops and tests Lunar soil, First human heart transplant performed
1968 RF Kennedy assassinated
1969 Neil Armstrong is the first man to walk on moon, Apollo 13
1969 Moon Landing-Millions watch worldwide as the landing module of NASA's Apollo 11 spacecraft touches down on the moon's surface and Neil Armstrong becomes the first human to set foot on the moon. President John F. Kennedy, who vowed to the world that the United States would put a human on the moon before 1970, has not lived to witness the moment.
1969 Nov. 20, 1969 a group of American Indians staked a claim to national recognition on "the Rock," clinging to its barren slopes for 19 months.
Were you born in the 1970's?
1970 747's fly transatlantic routes
1970 Optical Fiber-Corning Glass announces it has created a glass fiber so clear that it can communicate pulses of light. GTE and AT&T will soon begin experiments to transmit sound and image data using fiber optics, which will transform the communications industry.
1971 US to Europe direct dialing
1972 Video Game-Pong, one of the first mass-produced video games, has become the rage. Noland Bushnell, the 28 year-old inventor of Pong, will go on to found Atari.
1972 Pong video game debuts
1973 CAT scan developed, Roe v. Wade decision legalizes abortion, Watergate
1974 President Nixon resigns, Rubik's Cube is the rage
1974 Barcode-The first shipments of bar-coded products arrive in American stores. Scanners at checkout stations read the codes using laser technology. The hand-punched keyboard cash register takes one step closer to obsolescence.
1975 Microsoft-Old high school friends Bill Gates and Paul Allen form a partnership known as Microsoft to write computer software. They sell their first software to Ed Roberts at MIT, which has produced the Altair 8800, the first microprocessor-based computer. Gates soon drops out of Harvard.
1975 W. Gates and P. Allen start Microsoft Corp, N. Vietnamese take Saigon
1976 Viking I & II land on Mars, VHS videotape developed
1977 Space Shuttle "Enterprise" test flight, Voyager launch, Apple II personal computer, "Star Wars" released
1978 First test-tube baby born
1979 The Shah leaves Iran, Margaret Thatcher becomes British Prime Minister
Were you born in the 1980's?
1980 CNN debuts, John Lennon killed
1981 IBM PC First Space Shuttle launch, AIDS disease identified
1981 Princess of Wales from 1981 to 1997. Diana (1961-1997) was born Diana Frances Spencer in Sandringham, Norfolk, England. Diana was educated at Riddlesworth Hall, a preparatory school in Norfolk, and later at the West Heath School in Kent. She attended finishing school in Switzerland at Chateaux d’Oex at Montreux.
1981 Space Shuttle-For the first time, NASA successfully launches and lands its reusable spacecraft, the Space Shuttle. The shuttle can be used for a number of applications, including launch, retrieval, and repair of satellites and as a laboratory for physical experiments. While extremely successful, the shuttle program will suffer a disaster in 1986 when the shuttle Challenger explodes after takeoff, killing all on board.
1982 Artificial Heart -Dr. Robert Jarvik implants a permanent artificial heart, the Jarvik 7, into Dr. Barney Clark. The heart, powered by an external compressor, keeps Clark alive for 112 days.
1982 AT&T split up, first permanent artificial heart implanted
1983 Sally Ride is first American woman in space, the Nintendo Entertainment System is introduced in the US, Aspartame (Nutrasweet)
1984 First "space walk"
1985 "New" Coke, "Glasnost" begun by Soviet Premiere Gorbachev
1986 Halley's Comet returns, Space shuttle Challenger explodes on take-off, Cabbage Patch Kids mass-marketed, base unit of Mir launched
1986 On January 28, 1986, the Space Shuttle Challenger launched with seven crewmen, including one civilian teacher. With the world watching, the Challenger exploded a little over a minute into its flight.
1987 First trillion-dollar US budget
1989 World Wide Web, Exxon Valdez oil spill, Berlin wall torn down
Were you born in the 1990's?
1990 Human Genome Project
1990 Hubble Telescope-The space shuttle Discovery deploys the Hubble Space telescope 350 miles above the Earth. Although initial flaws limit its capabilities, the Hubble will be responsible for numerous discoveries and advances in the understanding of space.
1991 USSR dissolved, Persian Gulf War
1992 EuroDisney opens
1993 Apartheid ends in South Africa, Beanie Babies introduced
1996 Comet Hale-Bopp
1997 Princess of Wales from 1981 to 1997. Princess Diana was a princess, but there are many princesses in Europe, none of whom ever came close to capturing the popular imagination the way she did. The world was devastated by her death in 1997
1997 Intel Pentium produced with 7.5 million transistors, sheep successfully cloned, Pathfinder lands on Mars, Mother Teresa and Princess Diana died.
1998 President Clinton impeached. When the Lewinsky scandal broke in January 1998, the ring of silence that had surrounded Clinton for years was broken. On Jan. 7, 1999, the the Senate trial began,